Membrane-Free Lithium/Polysulfide Semi-Liquid Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage

by Allison Kerley

Yang et al. (2013) discussed their new proof-of-concept lithium/polysulfide semi-liquid battery as a potential solution to large-scale energy storage. The lithium/polysulfide (Li/PS) battery uses a simplified version flow battery system, with one pump system instead of the traditional two. The Li/PS battery was found to have a higher energy density than traditional redox flow batteries, with the 5 M polysulfide solution catholyte cell reaching an energy density of 149 W h L–1 (133 W h kg –1), about five times that of traditional vanadium redox battery. The Li/PS battery cells were also found to have a high coulomb efficiency peak around 99% before stabilizing at around 95%, even after 500 cycles. The authors conclude that the Li/PS cells maintain a steady rate of performance after 2000 cycles, and Continue reading