Renewable Energy in India

 

by Aurora Silva

India’s government has a bold goal for deploying renewable energy: 175 gigawatts of electricity-generating capacity by 2022, including 100 gigawatts of solar power. The country has a history of promoting renewable energy and a rapidly growing portfolio of solar and wind projects, but meeting the solar target alone will require a growth rate equivalent to doubling India’s installed solar capacity every 18 months. It will also require a clear understanding of the three factors that drive energy demand in India (access, security, and efficiency); new federal and state policies and incentives; innovative financing for capital investments estimated at $100 billion or more; and additional funding for manufacturing, training, and job creation. Project developers will have to grapple with the cost and availability of land, grid connections, and backup power. To meet the electricity needs of the poor and encourage rural entrepreneurship, India’s energy policies should aim for a mix of grid— connected and decentralized renewable energy sources. Continue reading

The role of the Indian Government in increasing the country’s energy efficiency

by Tashi Mitra

India is one of the world’s fastest growing economies and its cities are extremely polluted. While the energy consumption is lower than the global per capita norms, it is increasing rapidly. The Indian Government has a complex problem to solve – how does it fuel economic growth, which will consume much more energy whilst driving energy efficiency and sustainability. This post primarily focuses on the Indian Government’s approach towards increasing energy efficiency and its initiatives addressing climate change. The Indian Government has put together various nodal agencies: National Mission for Enhancing Energy Efficiency. Continue reading

Solar Powered Desalination for using Electrodialysis

by Maithili Joshi

A major problem across the world in developing and underdeveloped nations is the lack of access to clean drinking water. This has detrimental effects on general health, and also the ability to keep these rural communities going. This article was particularly interesting to me because issues of water in countries like India are so important for the health of people, and the health of the environment. Additionally, the use of solar power to reduce environmental effects was of particular interest to me because of its innovative use for other pressing environmental issues. Continue reading

Bringing Electricity to Off-The-Grid Communities by Micro-Financing

by Sharon Ha

According to a New York Times article published in January 2016, there have been several solar power companies hoping to provide renewable energy to the 300 million people in rural India who do not have access to electricity. The article focuses on the efforts of Selco, a solar power company that is targeting the rural village of Paradeshappanamatha in Southern India, and urban settlements in Bangalore. By utilizing creative financing solutions, Selco, which was founded in 1995, hopes to disprove the myth that only wealthy people can purchase or use solar energy. Continue reading

Energy versus Food Security in India

by Chieh-Hsin Chen

Replacing imported fossil fuels with biofuel and other renewable energy sources has been one of the major research projects in developing countries like India with few fossil energy resources. Guntatilake et al. (2013) analyzed India’s biofuel production project with various scenarios and different perspectives, including India’s option for managing energy price risks in three ways: biofuel development, energy efficiency promotion, and food productivity improvements. The results suggest that introducing biodiesel, as transport fuel is a promising result in contrast to bioethanol. Combining biodiesel expansion with energy efficiency improvement and food productivity policies proved to be a more effective strategy to enhance both energy and food security. Continue reading

Phytoremediation of Soils at Open Dump and Incineration Sites in Kerala, India

by Hilary Haskell

In the developing world, municipal solid waste management has become increasingly problematic. Remediation of open dumps and waste incineration sites present an additional issue, especially in removing contaminants from the soil that pose a threat to ecosystems and surrounding water resources. Ash et al. (2013) worked with a university in South India to remediate an open dump and incineration site, focusing on remediation techniques involving vermicomposting and phytoremediation to remove heavy metal compounds from the soil. The ultimate goal of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of remediating similar dump sites so that native ecosystems can be restored and continue to function in the future.

India is now the world’s sixth largest generator of municipal solid waste, producing 110,000 tons each day according to a 2012 World Watch report. This report indicated that only 25% of the world’s waste is recycled or composted, while the remainder is Continue reading