Climate-Smart Agriculture and Biophysical Consequences in the Midwest

by Ali Siddiqui

Climate-smart agricultural techniques are agronomical practices that help alleviate the consequences that climate change has on agriculture. Agronomical practices are related to soil management and production of field crops. Currently, in the Midwestern US different climate-smart techniques have been advocated in order to increase crop production. These include utilizing different crop cultivars in order to reap the benefits of earlier planting dates and a longer growing season and no-till agriculture in order to reduce soil emissions and maintain soil moisture. Bagley, Miller, and Bernacchi (2015) using observational data and an agroecosystem model that uses future temperature and CO2 concentrations determine the effectiveness of climate-smart techniques and their biophysical impacts. Continue reading