Sustainable Energy Security for India: An Assessment of the Energy Supply Sub-System

by Forrest Fulgenzi

As one of the world’s foremost developing countries, India provides a unique case in which to examine energy security. India defines its sustainable energy security (SES) policy as “provisioning of uninterrupted energy services in an affordable, equitable, efficient, and environmentally friendly manner.” According to India’s energy security policy, the end goal of any developing country should be to achieve this level of energy security and resource independence. The World Energy Outlook forecasts that India’s energy demand will significantly change during the period of 2014-2040 (IEA 2015.), where it will experience a move to the center stage of the world energy system which will cause a shift in demand. Thus, India needs policies for rapid expansion of energy systems while also looking for a sustainable means to achieve these goals. Continue reading

Crowdsourcing to Eliminate Energy Poverty

by Alison Kibe

Energy costs make up a disproportionate amount of a low income household spending so energy prices, recently at 3.2% increase per year, create a greater burden on lower incomes (Hodge, 2014). As a result, some households cannot afford to heat or cool their homes without assistance. Under some circumstances, households may even forego energy use in months they need it most. This is not a small issue, with the official poverty rate in 2013 at 14.5%— or about 45.3 million people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). Gridmates, a startup founded in 2014, thought of a new platform to reach those in need—through the electricity grid. Continue reading

Catching Two European Problems with One Renewable Energy Stone

 

by Sam Peterson

Many studies support the finding climate change is deemed a relevant and important issue by the public, but frequently disappears from the public consciousness when individuals are not directly impacted by its effects, supplanted by more immediate economic and geopolitical issues. Rather than removing it from public concern, Creutizig et al. aim to attack environmental concerns and socioeconomic problems concurrently, with a sweeping energy policy change. Creutzig et al. (2014) argue climate change and the European Union (EU) periphery’s economic recession could be mitigated and solved, respectively, by having member country legislators focus efforts on a policy transition toward sustainable, nonconventional sources of energy. Continue reading

Samsø Inspiration

by Chloe Rodman

New York Times’ Diane Cardwell (2015) writes about the impact that Samso, a 44 square-foot island off the coast of Denmark, has been making in regards to clean energy production. A majority of the island’s 3,800 citizens decided that they no longer wanted to rely on foreign, costly fossil fuels. Rather, they made it their goal to become completely powered by green energy. This $80 million project has resulted in 10 wind turbines as well as solar, geothermal and plant- based energy systems. These four methods have allowed the island to thrive, producing more energy than it consumes. Samso, which used to be primarily dependent on coal and diesel, has become a role model for many other islands around the globe, which are also striving to wean off of fossil fuels. The Samso Energy Academy was created to educate others about new forms of green energy. Many individuals are sent to the academy to learn about the island’s methods and return home to teach their own communities about the changes they can make. Continue reading

Funding for Energy Initiatives in Africa: U.S.-Africa Clean Energy Finance Initiative

by Alison Kibe

The U.S.-Africa Clean Energy Finance (ACEF) initiative launched at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012. As of August 2014, the U.S. had pledged $30 million to fund ACEF. The United States Trade and Development Agency’s (USTDA) January 2015 press release announced the two entities in charge of funding AFEC, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) and USTDA, have both obtained initial funds for AFEC projects. Both organizations are involved with connecting private American businesses to international development projects. The goal of ACEF is to promote privately financed clean energy projects with the hope that ACEF acts as a catalyst for economic development and promotes U.S. foreign policy goals in Africa. Continue reading

Chinese Energy Security

by Ali Siddiqui

According to Yao and Chang (2015), China’s energy security has not improved over 30 years of reform. The authors aimed to understand why in a qualitative fashion, finding a critical component is China’s macroeconomic reform. By analyzing China’s energy security in this fashion, these researchers hope to broaden the perspective on the way developing economies in transition conduct research on their energy security. Continue reading